The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has reported that the livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists in Yemen has been severely affected by a continued plague of desert locusts.
According to a report by FAO, the agricultural blight has destroyed crops in many areas of the country, increasing the suffering of thousands of people already exhausted due to years of war.
FAO said it supports Yemen’s Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation in efforts to control desert locusts by providing logistics and training field teams.
The report noted that desert locusts attacked horseradish crops, onions, sesame, watercress and even plumtrees, causing heavy losses to farmers.
The organisation explained that Yemen was a breeding ground for desert locusts and that controlling its spread is crucial in preventing a new spread of the scourge in both the Horn of Africa and South-West Asia.
FAO said it supports desert locust control through logistics, providing nearly 15,000 liters of pesticides and training 393 field teams on effective control techniques and best health, safety and environmental practices.
It stressed that not all areas of the country can be reached because of the security situation, giving locusts time and space to breed.
Desert locusts are one of the most harmful migratory pests in the world, and can reproduce at a very rapid pace under the right conditions. Every three months, the reproduction cycle can grow by about 20 times.
After October, the locusts begin to migrate to the winter breeding area on the Red Sea coast and to Eritrea and Ethiopia, and then begin to migrate to spring breeding areas at the beginning of April in Saudi Arabia or Sudan, moving from place to place.
Desert locusts target crops and plants that are used as feed for livestock. One locust eats food weighing 2 grams per day. During a plague there can be between 40 to 80 million adult locusts per square kilometer.